The Tian Tan Temple of Heaven in Beijing
Astrology, & Sacred Sites: on the astrogeographical positions of the the astrogeographical positions of the feng-shui temple for the yearly fertlity rites – the Tian Tan Temple of Heaven in Beijing
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The Temple of Heaven, literally the Altar of Heaven called Tiantan is a large temple complex in the chinese capital of Beijing. The temple is the site of the “Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests” constructed from 1406 to 1420 during the reign of the Yongle Emperor, who was also responsible for the construction of the Forbidden City in Beijing. where the emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties anually prayed and sacrificed for a good harvest for the whole of the chinese empire. The temple complex was
Astrogeographic position of the Tian Tan Temple for morphogenetic field level 3 which describes the atnmosphere, energetical topics and function of the temple itself: The site of the “Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests” inside the temple complex is located in the constellation of the two earth signs Taurus and Capricorn.
The position in Taurus the sign of the earth, grounding, growing roots, possession of land and financial is the most important astrological resonator of agriculture and food production, Therefore it represents an ideal site for the rites of sacrifice for a good harvest and may be typical for the site of an earth deity. The name “Temple of Heaven” at first glance might appear as a contrast to the purpose and function of an earth or fertility rites temple. But apparently the meaning of the name refers to a concept where heaven and the skies are seen in food supply. The semantical antagonism of temple ogf heaven at an temple of an earth deity suggests the idea that the emperor`s feng-shui advisors selected the site in an ettempt to include both sky and earth, weather and the fertility of the ground in the sacrifice here.
The position in solid, conservative, traditionalistic Capricorn falls on the first degree of the sign and right next to the cardinal divide at 0°Capricorn the point of the winter solstice. In the astrological house system this degree represent the Medium Coeli the midheaven relative to the highest position of the Sun on the day for which a horoscope is cast. This is why the first degree of Capricorn is related to the entrance into heaven. This is how the position of the temple in Capricorn resonates with a “Temple of Heaven” and not of the earth here. The winter solstice is the birthday of the sun when days start getting longer in the northern hemisphere. It puts an end to the shortening of days and the darkening period of autumn. It therefore relates the remple site to the function of a sun temple and sun obervatory.
Furthermore Capricorn as the sign of the ruling classes, the stability of government institutions explains the importance of the temple as a central government institution dedicated to the stablity of the government. The annual fertility rites were an important governmental act of the emperors that served in maintaining the legitimacy of their rule.
The position of the central government temple for fertility rites asppears also at another central government temple of highest importance: the Karnak Temple in Luxor, Egypt which served as the the main temple for the periodic fertility rites performed by the Pharaohs for the whole of Egypt.
The circular mound altar
The so-called circular mound altar 700 m to the south of the main hall of prayer was built in the 16th century in the style of a superlarge compass and sun observatory. Its four entrances are located in the four directions.